Évora city, Portugal
Évora is a city in the east of Portugal, 109 km east of Lisbon, the center of the same district and municipality, the center of the historical province of Altu-Alentejo. The population is 41.2 thousand inhabitants (city), 55.6 thousand inhabitants (municipality). The city and municipality is included in the Alentejo region and the Alentejo Central subregion.
The city was founded by ancient Lusitanians and was first called Ebora. In the 80-72's. BC. E. It served as the residence of the rebellious general Sertorius. In commemoration of the privileges granted to the city by Caesar, it was renamed Liberalitas Julia. Since the fifth century, local bishops have been mentioned.
In 712, Evora was conquered by the Moors, who called it Zhabura. For the liberation of Evora, the first Portuguese king founded the Avis Knights Order, to which Evora was transferred after her liberation from the Moors in 1166.
In the XV and especially XVI centuries, under the monarchs of the Avis dynasty, Evora often served as the seat of the royal court. This time is considered its golden age. In the years 1663-1665. Occupied by the Spaniards. In the years 1559-1759. In the city worked the university.
In the 18th century, the political and economic significance of Evora fell. The most significant event of the XIX century was the capitulation of King Miguel, held here in 1832, which ended the period of civil wars in Portugal.
Top sights in Évora
- Capela dos Ossos
- Templo Romano
- Igreja de São João
- Aqueduto da Água de Prata
- Praça do Giraldo
- Jardim Público
- Palácio Cadaval
Portugal in the eyes of this Brazilian couple in Évora! (A bit of attractions of Évora city)